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Explained- What is Decentralized Banking?

Mar 08, 2018

Explained- What is Decentralized Banking?
1.
What is the general structure of Decentralized Banking?

Decentralized banking is a term that is widely utilized and deciphered since cryptocurrency boom hit the financial services markets across the globe. The need for it to arouse as cryptocurrencies are the first intelligent asset, and many started referring to decentralized banking as "crypto banking."

Crypto-banks are fundamentally decentralized platforms that present the standard services that centralized banks bestow. This fundamentally includes lending services and credit scoring and typically cuts out all of the middlemen that a centralized bank commonly employs. The people required in a bank to finance loans and structure economic data are substituted in a crypto banking ecosystem by smart contracts and p2p, peer-to-peer, services.

The operations at present are mostly done with an online network, and all issues are also resolved online. The “bank” is not a physical entity but a computer interface, whether your desktop or a phone, and the significant amount of transactions take place with cryptocurrencies.

2.
What are the main points of difference between decentralized "banks" and "exchanges"?

While in "decentralized exchanges" (DEX) only currencies are bartered in "decentralized banks" credit and trust are swapped.

DEX is also a contemporary concept, which is new in the financial services circuit and employs p2p transactions between two users who want each other's currency. The major factor in the transactions is the absence of middleman, which significantly decreases the transaction charges.

Cryptobanking uses decentralized p2p trading in an identical way. However, it utilizes it for lending schemes. You may find that the lending process is a lot more complicated, but the goal here is to make it as automated a feasible- executing transactions swiftly like DEX exchanges.

3.
What are some major technologies employed by Decentralized banks?

There are few compelling technologies like- P2P, Blockchain, cryptocurrencies, Machine Learning, Big Data and smart contracts that are majorly employed in crypto banking.

P2P: This means that participants are private users unlike traditional systems, they are not banking institutions. The crypto bank connects a borrower that meets the correct credentials of a lender. P2P eliminates many of the bureaucratic processes that centralized banks necessitate before approving a loan.

Blockchain: Blockchain technology records all the transactions on a  transparent, immutable ledger. This provides data to the users and as AI algorithms to find the right matches for lenders and borrowers.

Machine Learning Big Data: These technologies facilitate in automating the lending process and defeat the bureaucracy. AI can work 24 hours and connect lenders with borrowers.

Cryptocurrencies: Decentralized banking can work well with fiat currencies; however, cryptocurrencies are much more fluid. The decentralized currencies articulate the language of the Blockchain and have a perfect track of asset transactions.

Smart Contract. Smart contracts can help in a variety of ways such as conversions, binding agreements between two parties and automated transfer of funds between the borrower and lender.

4.
Is there any native currency for every decentralized bank?

Yes, Native currencies help in making system more global. For instance, Datarius is the first social p2p crypto bank, which utilizes its own native token DTRC for all transactions. This supports to create a standard for a global payment system within the p2p lending process. Tokens are readily exchangeable to other cryptocurrencies, as well as fiat. The native cryptocurrency perfectly accommodates the native Blockchain and construes an incentive for the currency to surge in value. It gives the sturdy token applicability; an inherent part of the decentralization process.

5.
What about security and how does machine learning connects the right lender to the borrower?

Yes, the mechanism is built on automation process, and there are a plethora of toggle functions which permits borrowers and lenders restraint the fraudsters and control with whom they want to work.

In the company’s design, borrowers are characterized into three different listings, which range from the least verified borrower, via authenticated transactions made by the borrower on, say, the Datarius Blockchain, to fully crystalline borrowers who are evaluated by risk management. Less dependable individuals can reckon with higher interest rates and build up credit, and these upper credit lenders may ask for cheaper interest rates. However, these decisions are actually up to the lender, which makes p2p incredible- decentralized banking will see some latest interest rates based on people intercommunication.

6.
What are the significant advantages of Decentralized Banking?

You can imagine from this fact that about 2.5 bln people in the world do not have access to banks. However, one bln people in the world don’t have access to cell phones (which means half of them utilize the cell phone services). Decentralized banking has the mobile infrastructure to permit those without access to the centralized banks can at least have a chance at possessing a decentralized bank. Simple mobile wallets will be utilized to store cryptocurrencies, and DApps can give many people a chance to get loans and have a chance at beginning something huge. These banks can touch places that centralized, traditional banks will never arrive, the truth is that centralized banks are converting into something too substantial in view that we have now entered the era of Blockchain and cryptography technology.